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Cotton Industry Statistics


 

The original version of the following table was published in the Cotton Spinners & Manufacturers' Directory, 1891.

At the time, Lancashire was the world centre of cotton production.

I have extended the table to show the number of spindles per loom, which gives some indication of whether the main trade in a district was spinning or weaving.

I also added the percentage of the total spindles and looms in Lancashire, to show the relative importance of the places.

Place

Firms or Mills

Spindles

Looms

Spindles per Loom

Main Trade

% of the spindles in Lancashire

% of the looms in Lancashire

Accrington, Baxenden, Church, Clayton-le-Moors, Huncoat and Oswaldtwistle

52

518,704

27,776

18.7

Weaving

1.22 4.55
Ashton-under-Lyne, Bardsley, Guide Bridge and Hurst

35

1,689,586

9,042

186.9

Spinning

3.98 1.48
Bacup, Britannia and Stacksteads

26

402,814

13,117

30.7

Weaving

0.95 2.15
Blackburn, Belthorne, Hoghton, Langho, Livesey, Mellor, Read, Rishton, Sabden and Whalley

118

1,459,104

75,132

19.4

Weaving

3.44 12.30
Bolton, Ainsworth, Astley Bridge, Belmont, Bromley Cross, Darcy Lever, Edgworth, Entwistle, Great Lever, Horwich, Little Lever, Longworth, Lostock, Sharples, Turton and Westhoughton

107

4,715,890

21,402

220.3

Spinning

11.12 3.50
Burnley, Barley, Briercliffe, Brierfield, Hapton and Worsthorne

121

923,259

74,482

12.4

Weaving

2.18 12.19
Bury, Birtle, Blackford Bridge, Elton, Heap Bridge, Pilsworth, Summerseat, Tottington, Walmersley, Walshaw and Woolfold

50

829,598

19,964

41.6

Mixed

1.96 3.27
Chorley, Adlington, Birkacre, Brinscall, Eccleston, Euxton, Heapey, Wheelton, Whittle-Ie-Woods and Withnell

25

480,804

14,089

34.1

Mixed

1.13 2.31
Clitheroe, Chatburn and Grindleton

16

108,312

7,676

14.1

Weaving

0.26 1.26
Colne, Foulridge, Laneshaw Bridge and Trawden

43

81,500

13,727

5.9

Weaving

0.19 2.25
Darwen (Over and Lower), Eccleshill, Hoddlesden and Spring Vale

50

363,210

23,963

15.2

Weaving

0.86 3.92

Denton

2

75,570

0

N/A

Spinning

0.18 0.00
Dukinfield

13

577,732

900

641.9

Spinning

1.36 0.15
Farnworth, Kearsley, Little Hulton, Moses Gate, Stoneclough and Walkden

46

514,522

8,813

58.4

Mixed

1.21 1.44
Glossop, Broadbottom, Charlesworth, Dinting, Hadfield, Hollingworth and Mottram

18

1,111,134

14,950

74.3

Mixed

2.62 2.45
Golborne

3

87,456

1,130

77.4

Mixed

0.21 0.18
Great Harwood

10

73,602

7,544

9.8

Weaving

0.17 1.23
Haslingden, Grane and Helmshore

31

130,168

12,937

10.1

Weaving

0.31 2.12
Heywood

37

782,766

7,131

109.8

Spinning

1.85 1.17
Hyde, Godley and Newton Moor

16

549,186

7,342

74.8

Mixed

1.30 1.20

Lancaster

4

29,496

864

34.1

Mixed

0.07 0.14
Leigh and Bedford Leigh; Astley, Atherton, Glazebury, Pennington and Tyldesley

21

1,400,546

5,284

265.1

Spinning

3.30 0.86
Littleborough

8

105,644

3,524

30.0

Weaving

0.25 0.58
Manchester and Salford, Blackley, Boothstown, Clayton, Droylsden Eccles, Failsworth, Fairfield, Flixton, Patricroft, Pendlebury, Swinton and Worsley

148

2,954,840

26,890

109.9

Spinning

6.97 4.40
Middleton, Alkrington, Rhodes and Tonge

15

465,256

2,191

212.3

Spinning

1.10 0.36
Mossley, Brookbottom, Micklehurst and Roaches

14

1,241,094

900

1379.0

Spinning

2.93 0.15
Nelson and Barrowford

62

58,736

28,655

2.0

Weaving

0.14 4.69
Newchurch and Rawtenstall, Clough Fold, Crawshawbooth, Water and Waterfoot 

34

507,476

11,589

43.8

Mixed

1.20 1.90
Oldham, Chadderton, Crompton, Grotton, Hey, Hollinwood, Lees, Middleton Junction, Royton, Shaw and Springhead

238

11,388,375

20,247

562.5

Spinning

26.86 3.31
Padiham and Higham

14

191,070

8,709

21.9

Weaving

0.45 1.43
Preston, Bamber Bridge, Croston, Garstang, Kirkham, Leyland, Longridge, Lostock Hall, Penwortham, Ribchester and Walton-le-Dale

80

2,077,625

55,949

37.1

Mixed

4.90 9.16
Radcliffe, Besses-o’th’-Barn. Prestwich, Unsworth and Whitefleld

49

130,700

9,382

13.9

Weaving

0.31 1.54
Ramsbottom, Edenfield, Shuttleworth and Stubbins

27

127,450

9,503

13.4

Weaving

0.30 1.56
Rochdale, Bagslate, Bamford, Castleton, Cheesden, Facit, Milnrow, Newhey, Norden, Ogden, Shawforth, Smallbridge, Smithy Bridge, Wardle and Whitworth

95

1,883,668

24,811

75.9

Mixed

4.44 4.06
Stabybridge, Millbrook and Stayley

20

1,127,256

6,549

172.1

Spinning

2.66 1.07
Stockport, Birch Vale, Compstall, Furness Vale, Hayfield, Hazel Grove, Heaton Mersey, Heaton Norris, Marple, Mellor, New Mills, Reddish, Romiley, Strines and Whaley Bridge

80

2,028,614

11,561

175.5

Spinning

4.78 1.89
Todmorden, Cornholme, Eastwood, Portsmouth and Walsden,,

42

254,422

14,296

17.8

Weaving

0.60 2.34
Uppermill and Greenfield .

6

168,944

100

1689.4

Spinning

0.40 0.02
Warrington and Culcheth

3

84,000

2,536

33.1

Mixed

0.20 0.42
Wigan, Aspull Moor and Hindley . 

14

701,572

6,277

111.8

Spinning

1.65 1.03
Totals

1793

42,401,701

610,934

69.4

Mixed

100.00 100.00